Historical context of the phenomenon of Ahmed Sudi Bosnevi

  • Aladin Husić, dr.
Keywords: Bosnia, Ahmed Sudi Bosnevi, Čajniče, Foča, education


Apart from the fact that, in the general context of the Ottoman Empire, the end of the 16th century was the peak of its rise, it could be said that this was also a very important period of success for some Bosniaks in many spheres of life of the Empire. In addition to affirmation that began as early as the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th century, leading to significant successes and contributions at military and administrative levels, the end of the 16th century was marked by intellectual affirmation of Bosniaks who belonged to the very top of intellectual elite of the Ottoman Empire. Regardless of how this trend seemed to be very fast and somewhat unexpected, it was still the result of several processes that affected the territory of Bosnia. First of all, the Bosnian-Ottoman relations, whatever they were in the first half of the 15th century, are the result of mutual interests, both the Ottoman Empire and the political scene in Bosnia. This led to a very early and gradual inclusion of Bosniaks into the Ottoman military structure in the first half of the 15th century. It was then that they were already found in the Timar system in the area of today’s southern Serbia, long before the Ottomans occupied Bosnia in 1463. It took only around half century from the first inclusion into the Timar system to the highest positions occupied by Hadim or Atik Alipasha (1450?-1511) from Drozgometva near Hadžići, or Ahmed-pasha Hercegović (1459- 1517) as grand viziers. Along with the administrative and political affirmation, there were other processes that caused the appearance of Ahmed Sudi Bosnevi. The process of accepting Islam and integrating Bosnia into the Islamic cultural and civilizational circle in the sphere of spirituality had somewhat lagged behind the administrative and economic integration. The inclusion in one global and very powerful and productive socio-economic system also meant an integration into the education system, in which the Bosniaks quickly confirmed themselves, as they did at the administrative and military levels. The development of spirituality, establishment of educational institutions, had prompted Bosniaks to confirm themselves in this equally well as in other fields. Therefore, at the end of the 16th century, three names, Hasan Kafi Prušćak, Ali-dede Bosnevi, and Ahmed Sudi Bosnevi appeared in the intellectual orbits of the Ottoman Empire at the same time, each marking the end of the 16th century in the intellectual sense, but also promoting Bosnian landscape within the Ottoman Empire. They are merely an expression of the general and long-lasting trend that had begun in the first half of the 15th century, in which no other similar narrow and small geographical space, especially that of the southeast Europe, had integrated into and merged with Islamic civilization such as the Bosnian region, giving a very significant contribution to that civilization. A proof of this is also the phenomenon of Ahmed Sudi Bosnevi, one in a series of outstanding figures in the intellectual field.