Nationalization of maktab and masjid buldings and of construction land in Gradačac following the law on nationalization of 1958
The paper is focusing on nationalization of maktab and masjid buildings and of construction land belonging to the Wakf of Gradačac after the law on nationalization of leased buildings and land was enacted in 1958. At first, fifteen wakf buildings of maktab and masjid were nationalized, with the total construction land area of 22,119 square meters. In the appeal process, the number of nationalized buildings and area of construction land were reduced The result of the appeal was that five masjid buildings and two maktabs covering the total construction land area of 7,571 square meters were nationalized.
At the time of nationalization, twelve buildings of maktab and masjid were used as elementary schools while two of them were occupied by shops. Until the time of nationalization, the Wakf received only 20 percent of rentals which was 1931, 6 Dinars out of 10,890. The compensation provided for by the law was never paid. Such model of nationalization caused huge property and material damages to wakfs. In addition, maktab-type education was jeopardized. The Wakf Commission determined that the nationalization was unlawful.