Medžmua Bajrama i Mehmeda Kalabe iz Sarajeva


Ključne riječi:

Bajram Kalaba, Mehmed Kalaba, medžmua, kulturna baština, Bosna, Sarajevo, alevijsko-bektašijsko učenje


Majmua (mağmú’) as a specific type of manuscript exists in Bosnian- Herzegovinian cultural heritage in Oriental languages. Among such manuscripts is majmua from the oriental collection of Historical Archive in Sarajevo registered under the number R 301. The owners and copyists of majmua are Bayram Salih Qalaba and his son Mehmed Nuri Qalaba from Sarajevo. Majmua originates from the middle of the ninetinth century.

The manuscripts of this majmua presents a collection of different types of poems, single verses, notes and some short treatises mainly from astrology, written in Turkish language. Since in this majmua we can find poem of some Bosnian-Herzegovinian authors about which we know very little, or nothing, this majmua became very important for Bosnian-Herzegovinian cultural heritage. For example in this madjmua we can find poems written in Turkish language, which is in fact will (testament) to the sons Mehmed Šukri and Mustafa Hilmi written by their father Salih Bayram Qalaba after death of their mother Nuriyya-hanim, daughter Fatima and Utman Spahić in year 1286/1869.

An important part of the majmua contains poetry of Ottoman authors, the followers of alevi-bektaši teachings. Among them is one of Bosnian author who identifies himself only as Bosnawi. The songs of this type were mainly copied by Mehmed Nuri Qalaba. Having in mind this and the fact that in a few places in his manuscript he himself signed as Bende-i al-i ‘aba Mehmed Nuri Qalaba ‘’ slave (the follower) of the people of robe Mehmed Nuri Kalaba’’, we predict that he was the follower or sympathizer of such teachings.

This majmua also contains one poem in which Bosnia is praised (Bosna ehålinin haqqina medõiye-i deståni) in Sarajevo (Saråy Bosna ehålinin õaqqina deståni) and mentioned the battle between Bosnian and Austrian solders (Qa¥īde-i Ğifriyya), as well as note in which some well known personalities are mentioned.

Because of that, this majmua as a source for future research, of it content, presents one of the crucial documents of Bosnian - Herzegovinian cultural heritage.




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