The concept of fasād in Qur’an

  • Almir Fatić
Keywords: fasād, meaning, contextual meaning, forms of fasād

Abstract

The first part of the paper, after the introductory remarks, discusses the lexical meaning of the lexeme fasād (in Bosnian fesād or fesāt), which, among other things, has the following meanings: damage, ruin, disorder, hunger and drought, harm. Based on the works of the prominent classical scholars of the Qur’an (al-Qāri’, Ibn Sallām, Dāmaġāni, Ibn al-ʻImād, Ibn al-Ğawzī), the contextual meanings of the word fasād in the Qur’an are given, together with the Tafsir analysis and by comparing it to some of the leading classical and contemporary commentaries of the Qur’an. Consequently, based on the Qur’anic use, the word fasād is semantically investigated and offered a possible classification of the term into its following forms: 1. fasād in faith (al-fasād al-ʻaqā’idī); 2. political fasād (al-fasād al-siyāsī); 3. environmental fasād (al-fasād al-bīʻī); 4. fasād in economy (al-fasād al-iqtisādī); 5. fasād in ethics (al-fasād al-aẖlāqī); 6. fasād in security (al-fasād al-amnī) i 7. social fasād (al-fasād al-iğtimāʻī).

Published
2019-12-31
Section
Articles